The Strange Story of the World

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Important GRE Words in this article:

Augment Save


Meaning: make (something) greater by adding to it; increase


Sentences:
Many augment their basic training with additional practice, on their own time and at their own expense. He suggests augmenting the menu by drying your own foods - there are several books on this topic available at local sporting goods stores.


Synonyms:
increase, make larger, make bigger, make greater, add to,


Antonyms:
decrease,


Elegiacal Save


Meaning: Of the nature of an elegy; melancholy, mournful.


Melancholy Save


Meaning: a deep, long-lasting sadness


Sentences:
It was about this time that Beethoven accepted that his deafness was permanent, causing despair beyond melancholy. By the sixteenth century hypochondria had become an aspect of melancholy and was associated especially with the humour of black bile and with the spleen, the organ that was supposed to clear black bile from the body.


Synonyms:
sad, sorrowful, desolate, melancholic, mournful,


Antonyms:
cheerful, happy, cheerfulness, happiness,


Personable Save


Meaning: pleasing in appearance; attractive


Sentences:
This person must be personable, friendly and approachable. One personable young man crawls around on the floor searching for bottle caps that can be redeemed for neat prizes.


Wanting Save


Meaning: lacking


Sentences:
It was from a sense of wanting to extend the way imagination can reveal the necessary knowledge. In this area, Morrison was found wanting time and time again.


Synonyms:
deficient, inadequate, lacking, insufficient, imperfect,


Antonyms:
sufficient, acceptable, present,


Obliging Save


Meaning: showing a cheerful willingness to do favors for others


Sentences:
By the age of five her mother was happy to hand over the little girl's care whenever she could to an obliging friend. A very pleasant and obliging man, he gained the popularity of everybody.


Synonyms:
helpful, eager to help, eager to please, accommodating, willing,


Antonyms:
disobliging, obstructive, unhelpful, uncooperative,


Compound Save


Meaning: make more intense, stronger, or more marked


Sentences:
Thus her social status compounds her gender injustice. This is effectively a pot of stew originally compounded of cheap cuts of mutton, potatoes, and onions.


Synonyms:
amalgam, amalgamation, combination, composite, blend,


Antonyms:
simple, alleviate, improve,


Soliloquy Save


Meaning: a speech made to oneself; a monologue


Sentences:
In the end, Georgeanne has a long soliloquy about what happened to everyone afterward, fiction even less convincing than the drama and poetry preceding it. She did not - as she told it - interrupt the man with pesky questions about his pain but rather listened in an analytical way as if he were a character giving a soliloquy.


Synonyms:
monologue, speech, address, lecture, oration,


Antonyms:
dialogue,


Effusion Save


Meaning: an instance of giving off something such as a liquid or gas


Sentences:
He ignored me, but greeted my companion by name and with a certain effusion. Her effusions were drained and the fluid again contained abundant mature lymphoid cells.


Synonyms:
outflow, outpouring, outflowing, outrush, rush,


Tout Save


Meaning: to publicly praise or promote


Sentences:
It was perhaps elitist to have had low expectations before viewing the film, but one is too wary of packaged presentations from Hollywood touting the wares of the fickle god of consumerism. Nevertheless, marketers are increasingly eager to tout their wares to Broadway's captive audience.


Synonyms:
peddle, sell, hawk, offer for sale, market,


Dilemma Save


Meaning: a situation in which a difficult choice has to be made between two or more alternatives, especially ones that are equally undesirable


Sentences:
We can understand the dilemmas and difficulties his characters face, but never truly feel them. He both convenes community and shatters its calcifications, creating the space for oracular truths to emerge while posing equally provocative dilemmas.


Synonyms:
quandary, predicament, difficulty, problem, puzzle,


Congeal Save


Meaning: become semi-solid, especially on cooling


Sentences:
Another possibility, he speculated, was that lubricant has congealed into a buttery texture, preventing it from being evenly spread among the gear's moving parts. Knowing that the book is devoted to obscenity, the viewer strives to make these recalcitrant shapes congeal into something naughty.


Synonyms:
coagulate, clot, cake, set, solidify,


Antonyms:
soften, liquefy,


Disparity Save


Meaning: a great difference


Sentences:
In the past, critics have pointed to disparities in testing as being the cause of any differences found. In part this different history may have to do with the disparities between the first and second waves of feminism.


Synonyms:
discrepancy, inconsistency, imbalance, inequality, incongruity,


Antonyms:
parity, similarity,


Execrate Save


Meaning: to curse and hiss at


Sentences:
Clemency to the recently execrated terrorists marked the Convention's response to the Vendémiaire crisis, both in the build-up to the insurrection and in its aftermath. Those who disagreed with his theories were execrated and removed from their posts, sometimes with the help of the NKVD.


Synonyms:
revile, denounce, decry, condemn, vilify,


Antonyms:
praise, adore,


Posit Save


Meaning: assume as fact


Sentences:
The existence of deeply iterated sets, including the infinite ones, is a theoretical posit, supported by the upper tier of Maddy's epistemology. Lots to tear apart and disagree with, there, but it's a posit.


Synonyms:
postulate, put forward, advance, propound, submit,


Creditable Save


Meaning: deserving of praise but not that amazing


Sentences:
It just kind of seeps out with things that are said in passing, as if there were no other possible view, let alone a creditable one. The film is a creditable effort to tell an African story from the point of view of an African.


Synonyms:
commendable, praiseworthy, laudable, admirable, honourable,


Antonyms:
deplorable,


Adamant Save


Meaning: refusing to be persuaded or to change one's mind


Sentences:
However, Maria is adamant that gender has never been an issue in her career. She's adamant that she'll begin an indefinite hunger strike once she reaches jail.


Synonyms:
unshakeable, immovable, inflexible, unwavering, uncompromising,


Antonyms:
unsure,


Secrete Save


Meaning: to ensconce, conceal, or stow


Sentences:
Hardly had we secreted ourselves when we spied a flotilla of a Roman expeditionary force sailing hard upstream. The glands secrete parathyroid hormone, which is the primary regulator of calcium homeostasis.


Synonyms:
produce, discharge, emit, excrete, exude,


Antonyms:
absorb, reveal, show,


Effusive Save


Meaning: gushing; excessively demonstrative


Sentences:
The nature of the degassing process within a volcanic edifice is critically important to the nature of eruptions, whether explosive or effusive, from the volcano. The conductor, short, chubby, curly-haired and Puckish, has been effusive in his welcome.


Synonyms:
gushing, gushy, unrestrained, unreserved, extravagant,


Antonyms:
restrained,


Demonize Save


Meaning: portray as wicked and threatening


Sentences:
Wartime propaganda commonly has the same effect, demonizing the other side, even when both sides expect the war to end with a negotiated peace. If we persist in demonising young people - portraying them as trouble-makers who need to be kept off our streets - we shouldn't be surprised if some of them, at least, turn out to be demons.


Hobble Save


Meaning: to hold back the progress of something


Sentences:
I am careful, though, to loosen my hamstrings since an injury last year that hobbled me for a few months. He is their biggest playmaker, but he's hobbled by a sprained ankle.


Synonyms:
limp, walk with a limp, walk with difficulty, move unsteadily, walk unevenly,


Antonyms:
stride,


Amble Save


Meaning: walk or move at a slow, relaxed pace


Sentences:
As she slowly ambles back to her own home, she feels betrayed somehow. She just ambles around the place, then gets to the track and wins her races.


Synonyms:
stroll, saunter, wander, meander, ramble,


Antonyms:
stride,


Natty Save


Meaning: trimly neat and tidy; smart


Sentences:
In the late 1970s, the young economists were encouraged to find some natty statistics that would give Ireland a competitive edge. British playwright Noel Coward was natty and flamboyant, a born performer.


Synonyms:
smart, stylish, fashionable, dapper, debonair,


Antonyms:
scruffy,


Elegiac Save


Meaning: expressing sorrow


Sentences:
The wistful elegiac moods of the Sonnets, were conveyed with just the right balance of outward expression and gesture, and delicate tonal control. His poems use images of death and dying, and he has written elegiac poems to lost friends and family members.


Synonyms:
mournful, melancholic, melancholy, plaintive, sorrowful,


Antonyms:
cheerful,


Drudgery Save


Meaning: hard menial or dull work


Sentences:
The introduction of communal laundries and restaurants was part of lifting the daily drudgery for women in the individual home. There will be no toil, assignments, chores, no drudgery or daily efforts.


Synonyms:
hard work, menial work, donkey work, toil, toiling,


Antonyms:
relaxation,


Hirsute Save


Meaning: hairy; shaggy


Sentences:
But the boy is still visible beneath the hirsute exterior. He's by no means hirsute himself, judging by the jacket portrait.


Synonyms:
hairy, shaggy, bushy, hair-covered, long-haired,


Antonyms:
hairless, short-haired,


Reconcile Save


Meaning: make (one thing) compatible with (another)


Sentences:
It is horrible practice to have the teller made responsible for reconciling the accounts, how can one check on one's own work? And they make no attempt to reconcile that conflict, tailoring their local appeal to the lowest common denominator in each area.


Synonyms:
reunite, bring together (again), bring back together again, restore friendly relations between, restore harmony between,


Antonyms:
estrange, alienate,


Copious Save


Meaning: in abundant supply


Sentences:
I'm worryingly sober, despite a rather copious amount of alcohol consumed. "I try to take copious notes on song quality, " he adds.


Synonyms:
abundant, superabundant, plentiful, ample, profuse,


Antonyms:
sparse,


Slight Save


Meaning: small; lacking substance in degree, amount, or size


Sentences:
When he slights Judy in front of his friends, Dennis is obviously furious, yet we see what kind of a parent he is when he invites her to make her own decision as to whether or not to forgive him. In recognition of the part that castles had played in the war, the majority of surviving buildings were deliberately slighted by the victorious parliamentarians.


Synonyms:
small, modest, little, tiny, minute,


Antonyms:
big, considerable, major, substantial, sturdy,


Disparate Save


Meaning: two things are fundamentally different


Sentences:
The second class of disparates have more to do with the particular foibles of the aperture involved. Here live disparates, renegades and various isolationists who don't want to join the greater Namqua society.


Synonyms:
contrasting, different, differing, dissimilar, unlike,


Antonyms:
homogeneous,


‘Mama leaving home with my brother Folu was the last straw, the final stage in the process of Papa’s descent into that great darkness.’ New fiction from Chigozie Obioma.
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